Lithograph, 19th Century.
From Curtis Botanical Magazine by W.H. Fitch.
Image: 11 1/4 x 10
Paper: 11 1/4 x 10
Inventory Number: 10457
Yellow botanical print.
Walter Hood Fitch (28 February 1817 – 1892) was a botanical illustrator, born in Glasgow, Scotland, who executed some 10,000 drawings for various publications. Fitch was involved in fabric printing from the age of 17 and took to botanical art after meeting William Jackson Hooker, Regius Professor of Botany-a competent botanical illustrator and the editor of Curtis’s Botanical Magazine. Fitch’s first lithograph of Mimulus roseus appeared in the Botanical Magazine in 1834, and he soon became its sole artist. It was not unusual for Fitch to work on several different publications simultaneously; he could draw directly onto the lithographic stone to save time. These chromolithographs were based on botanical illustrations provided by Hooker and others, and produced some of his most spectacular results.
Fitch’s important works are his illustrations for William Hooker’s A Century of Orchidaceous Plants (1849), and for James Bateman’s A Monograph of Odontoglossum (1864–74). He also created around 500 plates for Hooker’s Icones Plantarum (1836–76) and four lithographic plates for the monograph Victoria Regia. The latter work received critical acclaim in the Athenaeum, “they are accurate, and they are beautiful”.
Other works were for George Bentham’s Handbook of the British Flora (1858, later editions edited by Joseph Dalton Hooker). When J. D, Hooker returned from his travels in India, Fitch prepared lithographs from Hooker’s sketches for his Rhododendrons of Sikkim Himalaya (1849–51) and, from the drawings of Indian artists, for his Illustrations of Himalayan Plants (1855). He also produced the illustrations presented in the younger Hooker’s The Botany of the Antarctic Voyage, consisting of three volumes covering the flora of the Antarctic, New Zealand, and Tasmania collected on the Ross expedition of 1839 to 1843.
A dispute over pay with J. D. Hooker ended Fitch’s service to the Botanical Magazine in 1877. He was much sought after and remained active as a botanical artist until 1888. Works during this period included Henry John Elwes’s Monograph of the Genus Lilium (1877–80). His renown as a botanical illustrator was such that his obituary in Nature stated “… his reputation was so high and so world-wide that it is unnecessary to say much on this point.”